The coronavirus pandemic that began in March 2020 caused the largest disruption of the education system in history, affecting almost 1.6 billion students in more than 190 countries. The closure of schools and other educational institutions affected 94 percent of students worldwide and up to 99 percent in low- and lower-middle-income countries.
According to a policy brief by the United Nations (August 2020), school closures will not only have immediate economic consequences, but also long-lasting effects. Education accounts for a third of key dimensions in the Human Development Index. For the first time since its conception, the Human Development Index will likely show a striking drop (Figure 1).
Such disappointing forecasts required a quick response from educational institutions.
Figure 1. Human development is facing an unprecedented hit since the concept was introduced in 1990